Macromolecules: polymers, polyelectrolytes, polysaccharides, proteins, structural models, chain configuration; effect of structure and molar mass on physico-chemical properties of macromolecules. Electrostatic interactions in macromolecule solutions; problem of excluded volume, application of numerical simulation methods. Methods for molar mass determination; osmotic pressure, sedimentation, viscosity. Methods for particle size determination; light scattering, x-ray scattering, neutron scattering, microscopic methods. Polymers in solution; solubility, conformation, formation of polyelectrolyte complexes. Polymers on surface; polymer adsorption, kinetics of adsorption, polyelectrolyte multilayers, polyelectrolyte brushes.
After passing the exam student should be able to:
1. Describe basic types of macromolecules (polymers, polyelectrolytes, polysacharides, proteins) and explain thier properties.
2. Explain and compare various methods for synthesis of polymers.
3. Name and explain the methods for determination of molar mass and size of macromolecules.
4. Derive the thermodynamic functions of state of mixing a polymer chain with solvents on the basis of the Flory theory and explain the problem of the excluded volume.
5. Describe and explain the properties of polyelectrolytes in solution.
6. Describe and explain the specificities of polyelectrolyte adsorption.
- S. F. Sun, Physical Chemistry of Macromolecules: Basic Principles and Issues, 2. izd., Wiley, New York, 2004.
- P. C. Hiemenz and T. P. Lodge, Polymer Chemistry, 2. izd., CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2007.
- A. Y. Grosberg and A. R. Khokhlov, Giant Molecules, Academic Press, San Diego, 1997.
- A. Ravve, Principles of Polymer Chemistry, Plenum Press, New York, 1995.
- T. Radeva, Physical Chemistry of Polyelectroyltes, Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001.
- J. Lyklema, Fundamentals of Interface and Colloid Science, Volume V: Soft Colloids, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2005.