COURSE CONTENT: Introduction to coordination chemistry-A. Werner; nomenclature for coordination compounds, their structures- types of ligands, coord. number; isomerism in coord. compounds. Synthesis of coord. compounds: addition, substitution, termal dissociation and redox reactions, reaction in inert atmosphere; substitution reactions of square and octahedral complexes; base hydrolysis of ammine Co(III) complexes. Stability of coord. compounds; charge, chelate, steric and trans effects. Solvents: donor properties, polarity, ?hard? and ?soft? acid and base concepts; superacids. The elements of first, second and third transition series-properties, bonds (coord. and organometalic compounds). Ligand field theory, the crystal field and molecular orbital approach in chemistry of coordination compounds; High-and low-spin configurations, geometric preferences- square and tetragonally distorted octahedral complexes. Electronic spectra of coord. compounds-charge transfer spectra, spectrochemical series. Magnetic properties of transition metal compounds: spin-spin, spin-orbit interactions. The elements of the first transition
series (Ti-Cu): lower and higher oxidation states-binary and coordination compounds. The elements of the second and third transition series: Zr and Hf-general reamarks, binary and coord. compounds; Nb and Ta- general reamarks, binary and coord. compounds; Mo and W-general remarks, binary and coord. compounds; Tc and Re- general reamarks, binary and coord. compounds; Platinium metals (Ru, Os, Rh, Ir, Pd, Pt)- general reamarks, binary and coord. compounds; Sc, Y and La: lanthanides; the actinide elements; f-orbitals, electronic structure of ions, luminescence of lanthanides, magnetic properties, chemistry of uranium-halides, hydride, uranyl salts. Introduction to solid state chemistry: types of structures-defect in solids, insulators and semiconductors, intercalation, chlatrates. Introduction ti bioinorganic chemistry: macrocyclic ligands (H-bonds); metal ions in biochemistry; bonding and transport of oxygen; transport of electrons.
Seminars include solving of the chemical problems (numerical examples) and presentation actual literature findings.
1. Explain chemical and physical properties of transition elements and their electronic structure.
2. Explain and describe similarities in properties of 2nd and 3rd element of each group.
3. Describe and explain industrial and biological importance of transition elements and their compounds.
4. Indicate and describe the most important theories in coordination chemistry (properties, bonds ansd structure).
5. Describe the main groups of transition metal compounds (bonds, molecula and crystal structure).
6. Use stoichiometry to solve chemical problems.
- F. Albert Cotton, G. Wilkison, P. Gauss, Basic Inorganic Chemistry, 3. izd., Jon Willey & Sons, New York 1995.
- D. F. Shriver, P. W. Atkins, C. H. Langford, Inorganic Chemistry, 2. izd ., Oxford University Press, Oxford 1998.
- D. Grdenić, Molekule i kristali, 5. izd., Školska knjiga, Zagreb 2005.
- C. E. Housecroft, A. G. Sharpe, Inorganic Chemistry, 4. izd., Pearson Edu., Edinburgh, 2012.