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Field Course

Code: 40341
ECTS: 2.0
Lecturers in charge: izv. prof. dr. sc. Zrinka Ljubešić - Lectures
izv. prof. dr. sc. Marko Miliša - Lectures
Lecturers: doc. dr. sc. Sunčica Bosak - Field exercises
doc. dr. sc. Tvrtko Dražina - Field exercises
prof. dr. sc. Maria Špoljar - Field exercises
Take exam: Studomat

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Field exercises 120
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
1. Explore and implement the basics of field work.
2. Define the hypotheses and establish the scientific research objectives.
3. Analyse morphology and taxonomy of protists and invertebrates and their ecology under natural conditions.
4. Discuss evolution and adaptation of the protists and invertebrates under different/varying environmental conditions.
5. Develop analytical and communication skills, and critical thinking and; demonstrate utilization of novel information; demonstrate appreciation and acceptance of diversity, with the reflection on the personal experience, frames and values (i.e., guiding life/learning principles).

Classes are held in Zagreb, Rovinj and Pula. Laboratory work is held in the premises of Department of Biology in Zagreb, Institute Ruđer Bošković in Rovinj and Aquarium in Pula.

Zoology classes:
1. Collection of invertebrates on rocky shore in supralittoral, mediolittoral and upper infralittoral zone. 2. Observation of habitat biodiversity and adaptations of some invertebrate species to conditions in supratidal (i.e., wave-splash) zone and intertidal zone.
3. Collection of sea invertebrates by dredging within the infralittoral zone at the depth of 25m.
4. Abundance and diversity of invertebrates at different types of substrate. Invertebrate anatomical, physiological and ethological adaptations to the environmental conditions.
5. Analysis of collected material in the laboratory of Institute Ruđer Bošković (Rovinj). Invertebrate taxonomical determination; principles of conservation and permanent/temporary preparation of invertebrates.
6. Through sections and morphological analysis of the fresh invertebrate material, students get insight into various marine invertebrate morphological types, their anatomy as well as life functions. The anatomy and ethology of the marine invertebrates are observed and analysed as a reflection of adaptations to a particular biotope.
7. Artificial insemination of sea urchin. Observation of the early stages of embryonic development.
8. Anatomical characteristics of Echinodermata and their diversity within the Northern Adriatic basin.
9. Collection, taxonomical determination and preparation of terrestrial invertebrates (Gastropoda-Pulmonata, Lumbricidae, Chelicerata, Myriapoda, Insecta). Insect collecting methods using different traps and supplies (different types of insect nets and traps, sticky and blacklight - i.e., UV-light - traps).

Algology classes:
1. Investigation and collection of algae in littoral zone with emphasis on species adaptation to different life conditions.
2. Field screening of littoral zone, implementing graphical and statistical methods for algae diversity and abundance.
3. Experiment planning, implementing of hypothesis, in situ investigation according to experiment planning and hypothesis, scientific discussion of results in groups.
4. Analysis of anthropogenic impact to distribution of littoral algae.
5. Sampling of planktonic species using different types of plankton nets and sampling methods.
6. Permanent collections of benthic algae preparation.
  1. 1. Habdija, I., Primc Habdija, B., Radanović, I., Špoljar, M., Matoničkin Kepčija, R., Vujčić Karlo, S., Miliša, M. Ostojić, A., Sertić Perić, M. (2011): Protista-Protozoa i Metazoa-Invertebrata. Strukture i funkcije. Alfa d.d., Zagreb, 584 str., ISBN 978-953-297-306-8.
    2. Habdija, I., Primc Habdija, B., Radanović, I., Vidaković, J., Kučinić, M., Špoljar, M., Matoničkin, R., Miliša, M. (2004): Protista-Protozoa i Metazoa-Invertebrata. Funkcionalna građa i praktikum. Meridijani, Samobor.
    3. Riedl, R. (1983): Fauna und Flora des Mittelmeeres. Verlag Paul Parey, Hamburg.
    4. Braune, W. (2008): Meeresalgen. A:R:G: Gantner Verlag K.G.Ruggell.
    5. Viličić, D. (2014): Ecology and composition of phytoplankton in the Adriatic Sea. Koeltz Scientific Books.
    6. Ključevi za determinaciju pojedinih skupina algi i beskralježnjaka
Prerequisit for:
Enrollment :
Passed : General Zoology
Attended : Protists
4. semester
Mandatory course - Mandatory studij - Biology
Consultations schedule:
  • prof. dr. sc. Maria Špoljar :

    During working time and by e-mail.