Acquiring the knowledge on formation, lake types, physical properties and physical processess occuring within lakes. Acquiring the knowledge on the influence of hydrologic and climatic processes, as well as, anthropogenic activities on limnological parameters.
1) Introduction -what is limnology, basic terms, development of limnology.
2) Water characteristics (density, viscosity, specific heat, dielectric constant. Water resources, water pollution and its influence on lakes.
3) Hidrology and climate. The origin, types (glacial, tectonic, coastal, riverin, volcanic, man-made), and age of lakes.
4) Lake and catchment morphometry. Transport of materials, eutrophication, sedimens.
5) Radiation, radiation attenuation, temperature cycles, lake stratification, heat budget.
6) Water movements (laminar, turbulent, waves, seiches, currents, Langmuir cells).
7) Limnological investigations in Croatia, limnological investigations of Plitvice lakes system.
Students will have the knowledge and skills to:
1. Differentiation between the lake types based on their formation.
2. Understanding of mechanisms governing limnological parameters.
3. Understanding of the interplay of hydrologic-limnologic, climate-limnologic, and anthropogeic-limnologic processes.
4. Differentiation between the flow types, and understanding and explanation of phyisical processes responsible for particular flow types
Listening, sessions, independent study of notes and literature, derivation of equations
and problem solving, exercises.
Lectures, seminars, exercises, multimedia and the internet.
METHODS OF MONITORING AND VERIFICATION:
Class attendance, seminar essay, oral exam.
TERMS FOR RECEIVING THE SIGNATURE:
Based on the insight in regularity of class attendance (at least 70%)
Oral exam and correctness of homework tasks.
- Kalff, J., (2002): Limnology: inland water ecosystems. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Upper Saddle River, 592 pp.
recent papers published within the field of limnology (one paper per student)
- Hutter, K., Wang, Y., Chubarenko, I. P. (2011): Physics of Lakes. Volume 1: Foundation of the Matematical and Physical Background. Advances in Geophysical and Environmental Mechanics and Mathematics. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 434 pp, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-15178-1.
- Hutter, K., Wang, Y., Chubarenko, I. P. (2011): Physics of Lakes. Volume 2: Lakes as Oscillators. Advances in Geophysical and Environmental Mechanics and Mathematics. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 646 pp, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-19112-1.
- Hutter, K., Wang, Y., Chubarenko, I. P. (2014): Physics of Lakes. Volume 3: Methods of Understanding Lakes as Components of the Geophysical Environment. Advances in Geophysical and Environmental Mechanics and Mathematics. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 605 pp, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-00473-0.