Definition of the waste, kind of wastes (solid, liquid, gaseous, hazardous, radioactive, communal, etc.). Waste producer (industry, energetic plants, mining, communal infrastructure, agriculture). System of waste disposals (unsorted, sorted), incineration, communal landfills, nuclear waste disposals (low, medium, high activity wastes). Incineration plant, , emission of pollutents and toxicants, dioxin, energy production, incineration products (ashes, smoke filtrates). Communal solid waste disposals:, technical characteristics, geomembranes, leachate chemistry, biogas, balling, composting, geological characteristics of an ideal waste disposal, monitoring, transport of waste, remediation and conservation, case studies. Industrial and hazardous waste disposal, sources, (industry, medicine, oil industry, metallurgy, pharmaceuticals), waste disposal preparation (air filtration, extraction, chemical oxidation, membrane processes, adsorption on active carbon, liquefaction), biological treatment, stabilization and thermal methods. Radioactive waste disposals (industry, medicine, scientific activity, nuclear energy production, nuclear weapons, nature of radioactivity, ionizing radiation, measuring of radioactivity (dose and sievert), biological effects, natural sources of radioactivity, radon problem, artificial sources of radioactivity, level of exposure to radioactivity. Solid waste disposal sites, selection of site, geological criteria, protection of underground water, leachates collection, geomechanical stability, remediation of soil, monitoring, GIS, case studies. Radiotoxicity, legislation, nuclear waste disposal, site selection, surface and underground disposals, low-medium and high activity wastes, deep geological waste disposals, case studies (Croatia, NPS ?Krško?, possible accidents).
To gain basic knowledge from the Law on Waste;
To gain knowledge of main types of wastes;
To gain knowledge of basic classification of hazardeous wastes;
To become acquainted with selection criteria for landfill sites;
To obtain basic knowledge of some special wastes; case study : Electric and Electronic wastes
- LaGrega, D.M., Buckingham, P.I., Evans, C. J.: Hazardous Wast Managment, McGraw-Hill, 1994, str. 1145.
- Murarka, I.P.: Solid waste disposal na reuse, Vol. I., Vol. II., CRC Press, 1987., str. 347.
- Simončić, V.: Svjetska iskustva u zbrinjavanju otpada, ZGO, ?Ognjen Prica?, 1991., str. 472