Polarizing microscope. Rock forming minerals in igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Mineral, structure and texture identification, mineral relations and reactions. Rock classifications, IUGS classification system and recommendations. Acid plutonic, volcanic and vein rocks. Intermediate plutonic and volcanic rocks. Basic plutonic, volcanic and vein rocks. Ultramafic magmatic rocks. Pyroclastic rocks and volcanic glass. Diagenesis vs. metamorphism. Sedimentary protoliths. Very low grade metamorphism (VLGM). Low grade metamorphism (LG). Medium grade metamorphism (MG). High grade metamorphism (HG). Anatexis. Ultrametamorphism. Metamorphic rocks without preferred orientations (granofels, hornfels, marble, quartzite). Equilibrium mineral assemblages, mineral reactions, graphical presentation, approx. determination of metamorphic conditions. Specific textures and microstructures in sedimentary rocks.
Ability to work independently with polarizing microscope.
Ability to recognize unknown minerals independently by using relevant literature.
Knowledge and understanding of the optical properties of minerals in order to indentify them in an unknown sample.
Basic knowledge and understanding of genesis and alteration of minerals, and how they reflect to optical properties of minerals.
Ability to relate optical properties of minerals with their crystallographic and chemical properties on advanced level needed for resolving petrological tasks.
Ability to undertake an investigation by application of appropriate procedures using polarizing microscope.