OUTLINE OF COURSE:
1) Interaction of the radiation with matter. energy loss of heavy charged particles in collision with atoms. cherenkov radiation.
2) energy loss of electrons and positrons. interaction of photons and neutrons with matter.
3) general characteristics of particle detectors: sensitivity, detector response, energy resolution, response time, efficiency.
4) ionization detectors. cylindrical proportional counter, multi-wire proportional chambers (mwpc), drift chamber, time projection chamber (tpc), gem detectors ("gas electron multiplier")
silicon-semiconductor detectors track reconstruction: algorithms for track fitting, reconstruction of primary and secondary interaction vertices and decays (vertexing), b-tagging
5) scintillators. scintillator installation and functioning. photomultipliers and photodiodes. time of flight. wavelength shifters. semiconductor detectors.
6) calorimeters and reconstruction of particle showers: development of electromagnetic and hadronic showers. calorimeter types. jet algorithms.
development and measurement of showers in the atmosphere.
7) tools for simulation of interaction of radiation with matter (geant).
8) linear and circular accelerators.
9) detail presentation of relevant experiments in the modern particle physics.
- Claus Grupen, Boris Shwartz: Particle Detectors, Cambridge Monographs on Particle Physics, Nulcelar Physics and Cosmology, Cambridge University Press, 2008.
- D.A. Edwards, M.J. Syphers: An Introduction to the Physics of High Energy Accelerators, John Wiley & Sons, INC., 1993.
- William R. Leo: Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments: A How-To Approach, Springer Science & Business Media, 1994.
- R. Wigmans, Calorimetry - Energy Measurement in Particle Physics, Oxford University Press, 2000.