# Physics 1

### Physics 1

 Code: 38808 ECTS: 8.0 Lecturers in charge: doc. dr. sc. Petar Žugec - Lectures Lecturers: Irena Barjašić - Exercises Ivan Jakovac - Exercises Take exam: Studomat

### 1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 60
Exercises 30
Description:
1. Introduction: basic mathematical aparatus (vectors, derivatives, integrals), physical models, quantities, units. 2. Motions: position (coordinate systems), velocity, acceleration. Motion along a straight line, free fall, projectile motion, circularmotion. 3. Newton's laws: forces and interaction, Newton's laws, (non)inertial systems. 4. Fundamental forces in nature: gravitational, electromagnetic, nuclear forces, unification theories. 5. Deducted forces: contact forces, elastic force, tension, friction. 6. Work and kinetic energy: work, energy, power. 7. Potential energy and conservation: conservative and nonconservative forces, energy conservation law, force and potential energy, gravitation potential energy. 8. Linear momentum, collisions: momentum and impulse, conservation of linear momentum, collisions, center of mass and external forces, angular momentum, torque, center of gravity. 9. Rotation of a solid body: angular velocity and acceleration, rotational energy, rotational inertia, torque, conservation of angular momentum, rolling. 10. Harmonic oscilator: mass on a spring, characteristic frequency, energy of oscillation, forced oscillator, resonance, simple pendulum. 11. Electric charge, Coulomb force and electric field. 12. Energy of electric field, electric potential, 13. Elektric dipol, polar molecules, induced electric dipol, dielectrics. 14. Capacity of a capacitor, capacitor with dielectrics. 15. Electric current, Ohm's law, Kirchoff's laws, current circuits. 16. Magnetism, permanent magnets, magnetic field of a current, Lorentz force. 17. Magnetic field in matter. 18. Elektromagnetic induction. 19. Selfinduction, energy of magnetic field. 20. Oscillations in system of particles: series of particles with springs, modes, examples of modes, oscillation of continuum. 21. Travelling waves: mathematical description, transverse and longitudinal waves, energy of wave motion, reflection, transmission, plane waves.

LEARNING OUTCOMES:
- show position, velocity, and acceleration in Cartesian and cyllindrical coordinate systems
- apply the Newtonian laws for solving problems in mechanical systems
- calculate gravity force
- calculate elastic force and harmonic potential
- distinguish static, dynamic, and rolling friction
- use work, energy, momentum, and laws of conservation for solving numerical problems
- depict rotation of solid body and calculate its dynamics
- derive equations of motion for harmonic oscillators
- identify frequency, energy, resonance of a harmonic oscillator
- calculate Coulomb force, electric field, electric potential
- explain electric dipole
- calculate capacity of a capacitor with or without a dielectrics
- describe electric field in a dielectric
- solve current circuits (Ohm's and Kirchhoff's laws)
- define magnetic field, energy, Lorentz force
- calculate field of a moving charge
- calculate AC current circuits
- apply complex presentation to calculate relative phases of currents and voltages
Literature:
1. H. D. Young, R. A. Freedman: Sears and Zemansky's University Physics, 11. izd., Addison Wesley, Reading 2004.
2. J. Herak: Osnove kemijske fizike, Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet, Zagreb 2001.
 1. semester Mandatory course - Mandatory studij - Chemistry
Consultations schedule: