* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
- acquire knowledge and understanding of the physics of the universe
- acquire the particle-physics methods for a study of the early universe
- acquire an insight in modern astrophysical and cosmological measurements
LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE LEVEL OF THE PROGRAMME:
1. KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
1.1 formulate and interpret the basic laws of physics including mechanics, electromagnetism and thermodynamics
1.2 demonstrate profound knowledge of advanced methods of theoretical physics which include classical mechanics, classical electrodynamics, statistical physics and quantum physics
2. APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
2.1 develop a way of thinking that allows the student to set the model or to recognize and use the existing models in the search for solutions to specific physical and analog problems
2.2 recognize analogies in the situations that are physically different, as well as in the situations analogous to the physical ones, as well as applying known solutions when solving new problems
4. COMMUNICATION SKILLS
4.3 use English as the language of communication in the profession, the use of literature, and writing scientific papers and articles
5. LEARNING SKILLS
5.1 consult professional literature independently as well as other relevant sources of information, which implies a good knowledge of English as a language of professional communication
5.2 follow the development of new knowledge in the field of physics independently and give his/her own professional opinion on its scope and possible applications
5.3 engage in scientific work and research within the framework of postgraduate doctoral studies
LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFIC FOR THE COURSE:
Upon passing the course on Particle Cosmology, the student will be able to:
* use the system of units appropriate for the physics of the universe;
* demonstrate a knowledge of the basic cosmological parameters;
* demonstrate a knowledge of the kinematics of the expanding universe;
* demonstrate a knowledge of the termodynamics of the early universe;
* demonstrate a knowledge of the cosmological epochs;
* get acquainted with modern astrophysical and cosmological measurements.
Lectures per weeks (15 weeks in total):
The Summer semester
1. week - Space, time and matter in the Universe;
2.-3. week - Observational cosmology and the Hubble expansion;
4.-5. week - Geometry and gravitation: Einstein's cosmological equation;
6. week - Homogeneous single-component universes;
7. week - Kinematics of the expanding universe;
8. week - Thermodynamics of the early universe: significant epochs;
9. week - Primordial nucleosynthesis and recombination;
10. week - Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropies;
11. week - Dark Matter (DM) and Boltzmann equation;
12. week - Inflationary universe and Dark Energy;
13. week - Bariogenesis and leptogenesis;
14. -15. week - Large scale structures.
Exercises follow the teaching units.
REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDENTS:
Students must deliver 50% of the written home exams during the semester.
GRADING AND ASSESSING THE WORK OF STUDENTS:
Grading and assessing the work of students during the semester:
- There are at least four written home exams
- There is a written "quiz" as an entrance to a final exam
Grading at the end of the semester:
- final written and oral presentation
Contributions to the final grade:
- 2/5 of the grade are carried by the written home exams (2 ECTS points)
- 1/5 of the grade are carried by a written "quiz" (1 ECTS point)
- 2/5 of the grade are carried by the oral presentation (2 ECTS points).
- L. Bergstroem and A. Goobar, COSMOLOGY AND PARTICLE ASTROPHYSICS, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 1999.
- B. Ryden, INTRODUCTION TO COSMOLOGY, Addison Wesley, 2003.
- S. Weinberg, COSMOLOGY, Oxford University Press, 2008.