COURSE GOALS: Acquiring of basic knowledge in nuclear and particle physics, experimental and theoretical aspects. Understanding of the experiments which led to the discovery of the atomic nucleus and which contribute to the determination of the properties of nuclei and nucleons. Understanding of basic theoretical models for the descriptions of nuclei. Ability to perform basic calculations. Understanding of basic properties of nuclei: mass, charge, size, stability. Understanding of possible applications of nuclear physics in other fields: astrophysics, energy, medicine. Acquiring of basic knowledge about the discoveries of elementary particles and their properties. Understanding of forces and interactions in elementary particle physics and qualitative understanding of their theoretical descriptions.
LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE LEVEL OF THE PROGRAMME:
1. KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
1.1. demonstrate a thorough knowledge and understanding of the fundamental laws of classical and modern physics
1.2. demonstrate a thorough knowledge and understanding of the most important physics theories (logical and mathematical structure, experimental support, described physical phenomena)
2. APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
2.1. identify and describe important aspects of a particular physical phenomenon or problem;
2.2. recognize and follow the logic of arguments, evaluate the adequacy of arguments and construct well supported arguments;
2.3. use mathematical methods to solve standard physics problems;
5. LEARNING SKILLS
5.1. search for and use professional literature as well as any other sources of relevant information;
LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFIC FOR THE COURSE:
Upon completing the course, students will be able to:
* Qualitatively describe some basic nuclear states, properties and interactions.
* Qualitatively describe basic theoretical nuclear models and related experiments.
* Qualitatively describe types of elementary particles and their interactions.
* Understand important experimental discoveries in particle physics and theories that describe interactions and forces in elementary particle physics.
Collisions and cross section. Rutherford scattering, classical and quantum mechanical description. The radioactive decay law. Types of nuclear decays. The nuclear binding energy. The liquid drop model. Nuclear fission. Size and shape of nuclei. The nuclear shell model. Nuclear magnetic moment. Nuclear spin and parity. Electromagnetic radiation by nuclei and particles. Moessbauer effect. Nuclear beta decay. Nuclear forces and potential. Deuteron. Nucleosynthesis. Kinematics of collisions and reactions. Accelerators. Interaction of charged particles and gamma rays with matter. Scintillation detectors. Solid state and gaseous detectors. Hadrons. Leptons. Particles and antiparticles. Neutrinos and neutrino oscillations. Feynman diagrams. Symmetries and conservation laws. Standard model.
REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDENTS:
Attending lectures, seminars and exercises.
GRADING AND ASSESSING THE WORK OF STUDENTS:
Seminar, written exam and oral exam.