.Course objectives: Students should learn and adopt: the basic principles of taxonomic classification, cell structure, anatomy and morphology thali shape, color pigments, the principles of reproduction and development cycles, methods of collecting and preserving materials, and research in the field and laboratory, environmental features, the importance in daily life and distribution in sea, fresh water and on land, making durable products, methods of growing pure cultures, development of school models and collections.
Enrolment requirements and required entry competences for the course: Students should have attended the courses of General Botany and Cell Biology.
at the level of the study programme to which the course contributes: The learning outcomes, competencies, knowledge and skills that students acquire the completion of the degree program complete undergraduate and graduate studies in biology and chemistry are manifested in: 1. motivation for expanding knowledge and developing self esteem and confidence in their abilities, 2. stimulation to persevere the desire for learning and knowledge transfer, 3. are aimed at encouraging assessment, clear communication, systems thinking, analytical and critical approach to problem oriented tasks, 4. developing readiness for cooperation and negotiation skills and are able to look at the subject they study and use it in its wider context, 5. use a highly specialized theoretical and practical knowledge which provides the basis for originality in developing and or applying ideas, 6. the expression of independence and a high level of understanding of the learning process, solving problems involving complex sources of knowledge and argumentative response to the social, scientific and ethical issues encountered in the work.
at the level of the course: Active preparation and participation in the program, students will acquire a foundation for studying ecological processes in nature and the teaching educational or experimental work. Mastered the basic knowledge of anatomy and morphology of algae and fungi that are a prerequisite for enrolment to other courses (botany, ecology) in the higher years of study. Students will develop the ability to recognize and identify the most common algal and fungi species, through practical work and field work gain knowledge on how to improve the school programme of biology or to develop a practical approach to teaching, or some forms of student competitions. Students will be able to apply: 1. knowledge about the basic autotrophic and heterotrophic organisms in nature, their evolution and adaptation to different environmental conditions, 2. the definition, classification and development concepts, 3. adopted in field and laboratory methods, 4. the understanding of environmental effects on primitive organisms and humans, 5. the theoretical and practical bases for developing effective learning strategies, and 6. adopted the principle of giving feedback in the process of learning the practical application of acquired skills. Upon completion of the course, students will develop analytical abilities and critical thinking and utilization of information will increase communication skills, ability to develop mutual respect and acceptance of diversity, to reflect their own value framework.
Course content broken down in detail by weekly class schedule - syllabus
Introductory Lectures (2 hours) General information about the maintenance of the course. View the study of literature and Internet sources. Rules of the practicum and the necessary accessories. Field work. Liabilities and continuous monitoring of knowledge. Importance algology past and present. The use of algae in everyday life.
General terms (2 hours) stromatolites and the emergence of aerobic conditions. Spatial representation of aquatic ecosystems on Earth, vertical zonation stagnant and running waters. Development of pramonera to the heterotrophic and autotrophic cells. The spectrum of the basic pigments. History of classification systems, development tree and taxonomic distribution of wildlife. The nomenclature and hierarchical systems. Types of reproduction, locomotion, modified forms of generation, haplonts and diplonts.
Procariota: Cyanobacteria and Prochlorobacteria, 2 hours: structure and function of prokaryotic cells, forms of litter, type of reproduction, distribution, role in the living world, ecological relevance and application of bluegreen algae and prchlorobacteria.
Eucariota: Archaeplastida: Glaucophyta, Rhodophyceae, Chloroplastida, 6 hours: structure and function of eukaryotic cells, forms of litter, type of reproduction, distribution, role in the living world, ecological relevance and application.
Eucariota: Chromalveolata: Cryptophyceae, Haptophyta, Stramenopiles, 6 hours; forms of litter, type of reproduction, distribution, role in the living world, ecological relevance and application.
Eucariota: Excavata: Alveolata, Euglenozoa, 4 hours: thali forms, type of reproduction, distribution, role in the living world, ecological relevance and application.
Eucariota: Mushrooms, 4 hours: the history of the development of mycology, general terms, distribution patterns, environmental features, and the importance for human life.
The fungus like protozoa: Acrasiomycota, Dictyosteliomycota, Myxomicota and Plasmodiophoromicota) and kromistima (Hyphochytridiomycota and Oomycota.
Eucariota: Mushrooms, 4 hours: biology of fungi, reproduction and distribution, ecological features, important for human life. Zygomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiomycota and Lichenes.
Lectures are accompanied by practical training: exercises and field work, where students work independently to adopt new and complement the knowledge acquired at the classes.
Type of instruction: lectures, exercises, field work, independent study, multimedia and the internet, laboratory, work with the mentor. Active students participation in all forms of teaching
Student responsibilities: Students are required to regularly attend all forms of teaching. Students may be absent only once from the practical work during the entire course without compensation. After successfully passed practical work student is required to submit a notebook to the assistant. In case of corrections according to assistant suggestions, student necessarily must revise it. Assistants signature in the students notebook confirms the correctness of the text and graphics or images parts. The practical work is an integral part of the course, and without it, it is not possible to make the final score. During the course a student by prearranged and declared deadlines are obligated to write two colloquia and for their transience is necessary to achieve 60%. The results of each colloquium will be declared: web and bulletin boards, within 24 hours and there is no possibility to repeat any of colloquia if student achieve less than 60%. Results of colloquia determine the success of the students pass. In the case, that student is not satisfied with his success (achieved through colloquia) or did not pass one of the colloquia he is obligated to register the exam according to schedule (exam includes the whole course materials). If student failed in the above, he must reenroll to the course.
Grading and evaluation of student work over the course of instruction and at a final exam: Active participation in lectures 5%, Independence and creativity in practical training 20%, Tests 50%, Oral exam 25%.
- Lee, R.E., 1999: Phycology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
- Plenković-Moraj A. 2010: Alge - koliko ih poznajemo? Interna skripta za studente Biološkog odsjeka PMF-a Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, p.p. 1-180.
- Margulis, L., Schwartz, K.V., 1999: Five kingdoms. An illustrated guide to the phyla of life on Earth. W.H.Freeman and Comp., New York
- Bellinger, E.G. and D. C. Sigee. 2010: Freshwater Algae. Wiley-BlackwellA John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Publication, UK
- Viličić, D., 2002: Fitoplankton Jadranskoga mora. Biologija i taksonomija. Školska knjiga, Zagreb.