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Marine Biodiversity

Code: 74603
ECTS: 5.0
Lecturers in charge: izv. prof. dr. sc. Petar Kružić - Lectures
Lecturers: Pavel Ankon, mag. oecol. et prot. nat. - Seminar
dr. sc. Petar Kružić - Seminar

Pavel Ankon, mag. oecol. et prot. nat. - Practicum
dr. sc. Petar Kružić - Practicum
Take exam: Studomat
English level:


All teaching activities will be held in Croatian. However, foreign students in mixed groups will have the opportunity to attend additional office hours with the lecturer and teaching assistants in English to help master the course materials. Additionally, the lecturer will refer foreign students to the corresponding literature in English, as well as give them the possibility of taking the associated exams in English.

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 30
Practicum 15
Seminar 15
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
1. To analyse levels of biodiversity of certain area based on available data in a way that obtained results can be used in evaluation of environment.
2. To interpret data on fauna diversity in certain biotopes.
3. To design appropriate research of biodiversity hence to choose suitable sampling methods, data analysis and statistics.
4. To combine data on biogeography, plant associations, climate and fauna of particular area.
5. To use relevant literature for determination of certain groups of invertebrates and vertebrates in a way to achieve satisfying level of taxa determination.
6. To choose appropriate software and to calculate diversity indices and to construct diagrams which are relevant for valorisation of biodiversity.
7. To explain biogeographical specificities of Croatia and their influence on biodiversity patterns.

Marine Biodiversity outlines the current state of our knowledge, and propose research agenda on marine biological diversity. This agenda represents a fundamental change in studying the ocean emphasizing regional research across a range of space and time scales, enhancing the interface between taxonomy and ecology, and linking oceanographic and ecological approaches. Highlighted with examples and brief case studies, this course illustrates the depth and breadth of undescribed marine biodiversity, explores critical environmental issues, advocates the use of regionally defined model systems, and identifies a series of key biodiversity research questions. Marine Biodiversity will be of specific interest to marine biologists, ecologists, oceanographers, and research administrators, and to government agencies responsible for utilizing, managing, and protecting the oceans.
1. Marine biodiversity in its global context
2. Gradients in marine biodiversity
3. Pelagic biodiversity
4. Biological diversity in oceanic macro zooplankton
5. Large scale patterns of species diversity in the deep sea benthos
6. Diversity, latitude and time: patterns in the shallow sea
7. High benthic species diversity in deep-sea sediments, the importance of hydrodynamics
8. Why are coral reef communities so diverse?
9. The historical component of marine taxonomic diversity gradients
10. Population genetics and demography of marine species
11. Ecosystem function at low biodiversity
12. The development of mariculture and its implications for biodiversity
13. Protecting marine biodiversity and integrated coastal zone management

1. Coral reefs and biodiversity.
2. Mangrove forests and biodiversity.
3. Biodiversity of Atlantic Ocean.
4. Biodiversity of Pacific Ocean.
5. Biodiversity of Indian Ocean.
6. Biodiversity of Arctic and Antarctic Sea.
7. Invasive species (Adriatic Sea).
8. Kelp and biodiversity.
9. Estuaries and biodiversity.
10. Deep sea and biodiversity.
  1. Kaiser, M. J. (2005) Marine ecology, Processes, Systems, and Impacts. Oxford University Press.
  2. Castro, P., Huber, M.E. (2005) Marine biology. McGraw-Hill.
  3. Kaiser, M. J. (2005) Marine ecology, Processes, Systems, and Impacts. Oxford University Press. 1-557.
  4. Turk, T. (2007) Pod gladino Mediterana. Modrijan. 1-590.
  5. Butman, C. A., Carlton, J. T. (1995) Understanding Marine Biodiversity. Committee on Biological Diversity in Marine Systems, National Research Council. 1-128.
  6. Barnes, R. S. K., Hughes, R. N. (1999) An Introduction to Marine Ecology. Blackwell Science. 1-286.
  7. Nourse, E. A., Crowder, L. B. (2005) Marine Conservation Biology -The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. 1-470.
  8. Ormond, R. F. G., Gage, J. D., Angel, M. V. (2005) Marine Biodiversity - Patterns and Processes. Cambridge University Press. 1-449.
  9. Šolić, M. (2009) Ljepota različitosti. Izvori, Zagreb. 1-286.
1. semester
Izborni predmeti - Regular study - Ecology and Nature Preservation
Consultations schedule: