1. Recognize, define and describe the structure and build of a prokaryote or eukaryote.
2. Describe and explain processes that are taking place in every cellular department and relate them with cell functioning in general.
3. Identify every phase of cell division (mitosis and meiosis).
4. List and differentiate parts of cell signalization, and factors unvolved in this process
6. be able to use techniques of light microscopy and techniques of cellular fractionation
6. Analyze, abstract and interpret information obtained on basis of read text (a chapter, or scientific article)
Chemical and biological evolution on Earth. Cell theory and origin of first cells. Life taxonomy. Characteristics of living organisms from different life domains. Prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Differences in eukaryotic cells (plant and animal cells). Structure of eukaryotic cells. Biomembranes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, peroxisomes, plastids, mitochondria and cytoskelet. Cell signalization: type and signal transduction. Nucleus: organization and function, nuclear envelope, from DNA to chromosomes. Mitosis and meiosis.
1. Microscopy basics.
2. Outline of the cells, basic organizational cell types.
3. Biomembranes, indirect demonstration.
5. Chloroplast isolation. Cellular fractionation and centrifugation.
6. Tissue micro sectioning, staining and microscopy.
7. Cell nucleus and mitosis.
8. Endomitosis. Polyene chromosomes and C mitosis.
10. Nucleus isolation and DNA and chromosome strands.
- Alberts, B., Bray, D., Levis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., Watson, J.D. (2002) Molecular Biology of the Cell, Garland Publishing, New York.
- Cooper, G.M., Hausman, R.E. (2004) Stanica, molekularni pristup; Medicinska naklada
- Bruce Alberts, 2014. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 6th edition, Garland Science, USA, ISBN 9780815344322