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Freshwater Ecology

Code: 44546
ECTS: 7.0
Lecturers in charge: prof. dr. sc. Ivančica Ternjej - Lectures
doc. dr. sc. Marija Ivković - Lectures
prof. dr. sc. Sanja Gottstein - Lectures
Lecturers: doc. dr. sc. Marija Ivković - Seminar

doc. dr. sc. Marija Ivković - Practicum
Take exam: Studomat
English level:


All teaching activities will be held in Croatian. However, foreign students in mixed groups will have the opportunity to attend additional office hours with the lecturer and teaching assistants in English to help master the course materials. Additionally, the lecturer will refer foreign students to the corresponding literature in English, as well as give them the possibility of taking the associated exams in English.

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 30
Practicum 30
Seminar 15
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)

1. describe the key interactions between the physical, abiotic and biological characteristics of freshwaters
2. demonstrate knowledge of the distribution and abundance of organisms across a variety of ecosystems including streams, wetlands, lakes and ground waters
3. interpret and understand the processes that control the structure and functioning of freshwater ecosystems
4. can use standard laboratory methods and fieldwork techniques
5. analyze and evaluate scientific literature and data
6. create and plan the experimental work in freshwater ecology



1. Conditions for life in freshwater - abiotic factors
2. Community structure and dynamic in freshwater
3. Production and trofic state in freshwater
4. Community stability
5. Methods in freshwater ecology
6. Physical characteristics and structure of lotic systems
7. The main features and characteristics of streams and rivers
8. Characteristics of rivers belonging to Black Sea and Adriatic basins
9. Benefits of biodiversity to wetland biom
10. Crenobiology
11. Groundwater ecology
12. Plankton freshwater communities
13. Macrozoobenthos and periphyton
14. Human impact on freshwater ecosystems
15. Synthesis and repetition


Include written essay on proposed subjects and presentation.
New themes each term, examples are as follows:
1. River continuum concept
2. Effects of substrate composition on stream macroinvertebrate assemblages
3. Macrozoobenthos community structure of intermittent and perennial streams
4. Macrozoobenthos of karstic springs
5. Role of detritus in the trophic structure of a spring community
6. The main features and global diversity freshwater macrozoobenthos biodiversity
7. Importance of aquatic macrophytes for lake invertebrate diversity
8. Littoral communities of stratified lakes
9. Environmental control of aquatic insect emergence patterns
10. Periphyton of freshwater
11. European freshwater jellyfish: ecology and diversity
12. The ecological role of Daphnia in Lake Ecosystem
13. Ecological assessment of gorundwater ecosystems
14. Climate change impacts on groundwater and dependent ecosystems
15. The impact of climate change on lakes and rivers


1. Fieldwork - Veliki potok; macrozoobenthos sampling in different microhabitats regarding substrate composition and water velocity
2. Samples processing and analysis, macrozoobenthos identification, part 1
3. Samples processing and analysis, macrozoobenthos identification, part 1
4. Data preparation, interpretation and analysis
5. Population density - Gammarus fossarum
6. Fieldwork - Jarun; macrozooplankton sampling
7. Macrozooplankton identification, data preparation, interpretation and analysis
8. Population density - macrozooplankton
9. Fieldwork - Plitvice Lakes; adult aquatic insect sampling using emergence traps
10. Aquatic insect identification part 1
11. Aquatic insect identification part 2
12. Data preparation, interpretation and analysis
13. Fieldwork - Crenobiocoenosis and interstitial groundwater communities - springs on the Medvednica Mt. and alluvial plain of the Sava River
14. Laboratory life history observations of the shrimp Synurella
15. Analysis and interpretation of life history data
  1. Kerovec, M., Ternjej, I., Z. Mihaljević, Gottstein, S. Nastavni materijali. https://www.pmf.unizg.hr/biol/predmet/ekv
  2. Giller, P.S., Malmqvist, B., 2002. The Biology of Streams and Rivers. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  3. Moss, B., 1998: Ecology of Fresh Waters. Blackwell Sc. Publ., Oxford, str. 1-557
  4. Gottstein Matočec, S. (ur.), Ozimec, R., Jalžić, B., Kerovec, M., Bakran-Petricioli, T. 2002. Raznolikost i ugroženost podzemne faune Hrvatske. Ministarstvo zaštite okoliša i prostornog uređenja, Zagreb, str. 1-82.
  5. Lampert, W., Sommer, U., 1997. Limnoecology. Ecology of Lakes and Streams. Oxford University Press, New York.
  6. Relevantni članci iz vodećih međunarodnih limnoloških i ekoloških časopisa.
1. semester
Mandatory course - Mandatory modul - Fresh Water
Consultations schedule: