Students who take this course will gain an understanding of the methods currently used to differentiate between human and animal remains, forensic and archaeological remains, and determination of sex, and age at death from unidentified skeletal and dental remains. Students who take this course will also gain an understanding of the methods currently used in the positive identification of unknown skeletal remains when DNA analysis is not an option. Students will also learn to distinguish between postmortem, antemortem, and perimortem traumas and learn how to determine and number of, and direction, from which the fractures were inflicted.
Content including practical work
Basic osteology of the human body differentiating between human and animal remains, osteology, joints and muscle attachment sites. Dental analysis Of all the growth systems in the human body tooth formation has the highest time stability and as such provides the most accurate way of calibrating growth and development. Data collection and computer analysis forensic archaeology, differentiating between forensic and archaeological remains based on bona taphonomy and stomatological interventions. Determination of sex morphological differences between males and females multivariate statistical analyses of long bones femurs and tibias. Determination of age at eath ossification centers the chronology of union between epiphyses and diaphyses tooth eruption and formation including the analysis of eleven different change features may be distinguished number, color, attrition, periodontal recession, cementum apposition to the root root resorption secondary dentine root translucency, peritubular dentine racemisation and cementum annulations, chronological changes of the pubic symphysis, auricular surface of the ilium and sternal rib ends. Personal biology skeletal changes caused by habitual activities congenital anomalies. Determination of stature regression formulae for stature determination based on single and multiple bones. Comparison of postmortem and antemortem data the use of photography in personal identification, the use of Xrays in personal identification, comparison of ante and post mortem traumas and pathologies, dental identification techniques based on comparison between antemortem and postmortem dental features. Trauma analysis the morphology of postmortem traumas the morphology of antemortem and perimortem traumas gunshot wounds, stabbing and cutting wounds, differentiating entrance from exit wounds, determining the number of traumas.
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