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Plant Nomenclature and Classification

Code: 45072
ECTS: 5.0
Lecturers in charge: prof. dr. sc. Antun Alegro - Lectures
Lecturers: prof. dr. sc. Antun Alegro - Seminar

Anja Rimac, mag. biol. exp. - Practicum
Take exam: Studomat
English level:


The lecturer is not able to offer courses in English at this time.

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 15
Practicum 30
Seminar 15
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
Learning outcomes:
1. To learn how to collect and prepare plants for collection
2. To understand principles of plant naming
3. To understand basic nomenclature rules
4. To understand problematic of taxonomic systems
5. To understand different concepts of species
6. To learn how to use identification keys
7. To learn how to recognize the most common plant families in Croatia
8. To learn terminology and techniques used in plant identification

Course content

1. Botanical collections - herbarium techniques
2. Botanical collections - herbarium collections and data bases
3. History of botanical nomenclature
4. Plant nomenclature and ICN (International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and Plants)
5. Name of taxon - structure and obligate parts
6. Name of taxon - etymology and name formation
7. Higher taxonomic units - concepts, definitions and nomenclature
8. Alternative nomenclature systems (UBN, DraftBioCode, PhyloCode)
9. Species - historical development of the species concept
10. Species - plant species and definition probems
11. Phylogenetic classification
12. Identification keys - concept and possible structures of keys and other identification literature
13. Identification terminology - morphological and anatomical terms used in plant identification
14. Identification characters of certain plant groups
15. Comparative overview of most common plant families in Croatia

Practicum (Exercises):
1. Botanical collections - herbarium
2. Botanical collections - botanical garden
3. Herbarium techniques - collection, labelling and preparation of plant material
4. Identification keys - introduction in usage of different types of identification keys
5. Bryophytes and Pterydophytes
6. Gymnosperms
7. Ranunculaceae, Magnoliaceae, Nympheaceae, Aristolohiaceae
8. Fabaceae, Rosaceae, Apiaceae, Papaveraceae, Primulaceae
9. Malvaceae, Violaceae, Fagaceae, Betulaceae
10. Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Polygonaceae
11. Euphorbiaceae, Salicaceae, Aceraceae, Tiliaceae
12. Brassicaceae, Geraniaceae, Campanulaceae, Boraginaceae
13. Lamiaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Solanaceae, Asteraceae
14. Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Iridaceae, Orchidaceae
15. Cyperaceae, Juncaceae, Poaceae

In seminars diverse actual topics in nomenclature and identification of plants and other related disciplines are elaborated based on scientific papers published in thematic journals.
  1. BEENTJE, H., 2010: Plant glossary - an illustrated dictionary of plant terms. Kew Publishing, Kew.
  2. CULLEN, J., 2006: Practical plant identification. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  3. DOMAC, R., 1994: Flora Hrvatske. Školska knjiga, Zagreb.
  4. GLEDHILL, D., 2002: The names of plants. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  5. NIKOLIĆ, T., 2013: Sistematska botanika. Raznolikost i evolucija biljnog svijeta. Alfa, Zagreb.
  6. SIMPSON, M. G., 2010: Plant Systematics. Elsevier Academic Press.
  7. ŠUGAR, I., 1990: Botanički leksikon. Globus i Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Zagreb.
  8. NIKOLIĆ, T., 1996: Herbarijski priručnik. Školska knjiga, Zagreb.
  9. ATHERTON, I., BOSANQUET, S., LAWLEY, M., 2010: Mosses and Liverworts of Britain and Ireland- a field guide. British Bryological Society, Plymouth.
  10. DÜLL, R., DÜLL-WUNDER, B., 2012: Moose eifach und sicher bestimmen. Quelle & Meyer, Wiebelsheim.
  11. FREY, W., FRAHM, J.-P., FISCHER, E., LOBIN W., 2006: The Liverworts, Mosses and Ferns of Europe. Harley Books, Colchester.
  12. HARRIS, J. G., WOOLF HARRIS, M., 2003: Plant identification terminology. Spring Lake Publishing, Spring Lake, Utah.
  13. LICHT, W., 1995: Einführung in die Pflanzenbestimmung. Die wichtigsten Familien und ihre Merkmale. Quelle & Meyer, Wiebelsheim.
  14. LICHT, W., 2012: Einführung in die Pflanzenbestimmung nach vegetativen Merkmalen. Quelle & Meyer, Wiebelsheim.
  15. LÜDER, R., 2009: Grundkurs Gehölzbestimmung. Quelle & Meyer, Wiebelsheim.
  16. LÜDER, R., 2011: Grundkurs Pflanzenbestimmung. Quelle & Meyer, Wiebelsheim.
  17. MARCHI, P., PEPE D'AMATO, E., BIANCHI, G., 2012: Famiglie di piante vascolari italiane: 1-140. Sapienza. Universitá Editrice, Roma.
  18. ROTTENSTEINER, W. K., 2014: Exkursionsflora für Istrien.Verlag des Naturwisenschaftlichen Vereins für Kärnten.
  19. SPRING, O., BUSCHMANN, H., 1998: Grundlagen und Methoden der Pflanzensystematik. Quelle & Meyer, Wiebelsheim.
  20. STEARN, W. T., 1998: Botanical Latin. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.
  21. STUESSY, T. F., 2009: Plant taxonomy. Columbia University Press, New York.
  22. STÜTZEL, Th., 2002: Botanische Bestimmungsübungen. E. Ulmer Verl., Stuttgart.
4. semester
Izborni predmeti - Regular study - Biology

8. semester
Izborni predmeti biologija i /ili kemija - Regular study - Biology and Chemistry Education
Consultations schedule: