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Code: 40330
ECTS: 8.0
Lecturers in charge: izv. prof. dr. sc. Zrinka Ljubešić - Lectures
izv. prof. dr. sc. Renata Matoničkin Kepčija - Lectures
Lecturers: izv. prof. dr. sc. Zrinka Ljubešić - Seminar
dr. sc. Renata Matoničkin Kepčija - Seminar

Vesna Gulin, mag. oecol. - Practicum
izv. prof. dr. sc. Zrinka Ljubešić - Practicum
Mirela Šušnjara, mag. oecol. - Practicum
Take exam: Studomat
English level:


All teaching activities will be held in Croatian. However, foreign students in mixed groups will have the opportunity to attend additional office hours with the lecturer and teaching assistants in English to help master the course materials. Additionally, the lecturer will refer foreign students to the corresponding literature in English, as well as give them the possibility of taking the associated exams in English.

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 30
Practicum 60
Seminar 15
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)

1. To use basic taxonomic methods and appropriate literature for independent determination of protist taxa.

2. To acquire basic microscopic techniques as well as preparation of temporary and permanent microscopic preparations.

3. To recognize and classify basic groups of protists regarding current classification systems.

4. To discuss diversity and heterogeneity of protists in view of their structure and function in ecosystems.

5. To compare and validate protist classification systems in respect to protists being the most heterogeneous group of eukaryotes.

6. To compare the structure of certain protist groups and to discuss the importance of certain characteristics from evolutionary point of view.

1. Position of protists in classification of living world according to current classification systems. Cellular organization of protists.
2. Morphology and physiology of heterotrophic protists (protozoa); locomotion, receptors, orientation in their environment, feeding and osmoregulation in protozoa.
3. Morphogenesis and development, life cycles and distribution of protozoa; classification of protozoa.
4. Flagellated and amoeboid protozoa (structure, diversity, life cycles, parasites in humans).
5. Apicomplexa and Ciliophora (structure, diversity, life cycles, apicomplexan parasites in humans).
6. Introduction to autotrophic protists: evolution, cell and thallus structure, reproduction.
7. Cyanobacteria (structure, diversity, life cycles, biogeography)
8. Rhodophyceae, Glaucophyta (structure, diversity, life cycles, biogeography)
9. Chlorophyta I (structure, diversity, life cycles, biogeography)
10. Chlorophyta II (structure, diversity, life cycles, biogeography)
11. Cryptophyceae, Haptophyta (structure, diversity, life cycles, biogeography)
12. Chrysophyceae, Silicoflagellates, Raphidiophyceae, Xanthophyceae (structure, diversity, life cycles, biogeography)
13. Phaeophyceae (structure, diversity, life cycles, biogeography)
14. Bacillariophyta (structure, diversity, life cycles, biogeography)
15. Dinozoa (structure, diversity, life cycles, biogeography)

1. Amoeboid protozoa (Gymnamoebae, Foraminifera, testate amoeba)
2. Flagellated protozoa (Euglenozoa, Kinetoplastidea)
3. Apicomplexa
4. Ciliophora
5. Determination literature and protozoa staining techniques
6. Cyanobacteria
7. Rhodophyceae
8. Chlorophyta I
9. Chlorophyta II
10. Cryptophyceae, Haptophyta
11. Chrysophyceae, Silicoflagellates
12. Raphidiophyceae, Xanthophyceae
13. Phaeophyceae
14. Bacillariophyta
15. Dinozoa

Students write and present an essay on additional topics in relation to syllabus.
  1. Viličić, D. (2014): Ecology and composition of phytoplankton in the Adriatic Sea. Koeltz Scientific Books.
  2. Habdija, I., Primc Habdija, B., Radanović, I., Špoljar, M., Matoničkin Kepčija, R., Vujčić Karlo, S., Miliša, M. Ostojić, A., Sertić Perić, M. (2011): Protista-Protozoa i Metazoa-Invertebrata. Strukture i funkcije.- Alfa d.d., Zagreb, 584 str.
  3. Hausmann, K., Huelsmann, N., Radek, R., 2003: Protistology. E. Schwezerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Berlin.
  4. Lee, R. E. (2008) Phycology. 4th edition. USA, Cambridge University Press
  5. Viličić D. (2002) Fitoplankton Jadranskog mora. Biologija i taksonomija. Školska knjiga, Zagreb.
  6. Adl, S.M., Simpson, A.G.B., Farmer, M.A., et al (2005) The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 52(5): 399-451
  7. Hoek, C. van den, Mann, D.G., Jahns, H.M., 1995: Algae. An introduction to phycology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
  8. Hoek, C. van den, Mann, D.G., Jahns, H.M., 1995: Algae. An introduction to phycology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
Prerequisit for:
Enrollment :
Passed : Cell and Molecular Biology
3. semester
Mandatory course - Mandatory studij - Biology
Consultations schedule: