Introduce students with physical properties of plasma, plasma behavior within ionosphere and magnetosphere, and processes in the Sun and interplanetary space that lead to change of these properties. For this purpose, it is necessary to:
- describe the motion of charged particles in the gravitational, magnetic and electrical field,
- explain the collision processes in the ionospheric layers and other areas of the magnetosphere,
- define the magnetospheric currents,
- explain Solar-Terrestrial interaction
- explain Space Weather
- detailed the physical processes that generate planetary magnetic fields (planetary aeronomy).
Physical characteristics of plasma. Motions of charged particles in gravitational, magnetic, and electrical field. Distribution of atmosphere and method of investigation. Formation of particular areas of high atmosphere. Formation of ionosphere. Atomic and molecular processes in individual ionosphere layers and in thermosphere; ionization and phodissociations. Propagation of radio waves. Colisonal processes in ionosphere and magnetosphere. Electrodynamics of ionosphere and thermosphere. Global changes in ionosphere and thermosphere. Airglow. Thermodynamics of ionosphere and thermosphere. Aeronomy of the planet.
After passing the exam, it is expected that the student will be able to:
1. explain the particle motion in the gravitational, magnetic and electric fields;
2. classify the collision processes in the ionosphere and the magnetosphere;
3. define and distinguish different currents within the magnetosphere;
4. characterize solar activity;
5. explain the interplanetary magnetic field,
6. identify the characteristics of the interplanetary magnetic field that lead to significant geomagnetic activity;
7. interpret the changes in the ionosphere and the magnetosphere caused by the physical characteristics of the interplanetary space;
8. apply the acquired knowledge for understanding the basis of the magnetic field other planets of the Solar System;
9. prepare and maintain professional presentations, and discuss the presented themes.
Presentations, individual and group discussions, assignment of independent and team
tasks, use of web pages, example analysis.
Lectures, individual and group tasks and discussions, discussion of examples, preparation of seminars.
METHODS OF MONITORING AND VERIFICATION:
Attending lectures. Written and oral exam.
TERMS FOR RECEIVING THE SIGNATURE:
Attendance in teaching 70%.
Writing (the students may not have to attend writing part of the exam if they successfully complete all mid-term exams) and oral examinations.
- Proelss, G.:Physics of the Earth's Space Environment, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
New York, 2004.
Bertotti, B.,Farinela,P., Vokrouhlicky,D.:Physics of the Solar System, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, 2003.
Banks, PM, Kocharts, G.: Aeronomy, Academic Press, London, 1980.
Vršnak, B.: Temelji fizike plazme, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 1996.
- Bertotti, B.,Farinela,P., Vokrouhlicky,D.:Physics of the Solar System, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, 2003.
- Banks, PM, Kocharts, G.: Aeronomy, Academic Press, London, 1980.
- Vršnak, B.: Temelji fizike plazme, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 1996.