* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
To provide the students with a foundation for developing their knowledge in laws on statics, dynamics and kinematics of dry and moist atmosphere. To provide students with the ability to recognize different types of atmospheric motions as a consequence of physical processes on different temporal-spatial scales.
1. General knowledge on Earth and atmosphere.
2. Air parcel.
3. Types of equilibrium processes.
4. Processes in dry atmosphere.
5. Thermodynamics of the dry air, water substance and moist air.
6. Measures of air humidity.
7. Processes of humid and saturated air.
8. Hydrostatic equilibrium.
9. Boussinesq approximation.
10. Vertical cells.
11. Fundamental and pseudo-forces.
12. Equation of motion in spherical coordinates.
13. Scale analysis of atmospheric processes.
14. Primitive equations in isobaric, isentropic, sigma and system with generalized vertical coordinate.
Students will have the knowledge and skills to:
- Name all forces that affect air parcels, and knows how to calculate their magnitudes
- Distinguish between fundamental and pseudo-forces
- Interpret terms in equations of motion
- Discuss magnitudes of the terms in equations of motions with respect to spatio-temporal scales of motion and identify those terms which can be neglected at particular spatio-temporal scale
- Name theoretical equilibrium processes and recognize which theoretical processes are good approximations of real atmospheric processes
- Differ thermodynamic processes of dry air from the thermodynamic processes of humid air
- Class attendance and learning from class notes
- The study of mandatory and compulsory literature
- Solving homework tasks
- Active participation in the discussion of the homework results
- assigned homework tasks
- the use of an intranet-consultation
METHODS OF MONITORING AND VERIFICATION:
- regular attendance of lectures with an active approach
- monitoring the class attendance
- completed all assigned homework tasks via intranet
TERMS FOR RECEIVING THE SIGNATURE:
Regular attendance of lectures (at least 75%) and completed homework (at least 80%).
Written and oral exam.
- Holton, J. R., 2004: An introduction to dynamic meteorology. Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam, 535 str.
General Physics 4