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Physical Oceanography I

Code: 44422
ECTS: 5.0
Lecturers in charge: prof. dr. sc. Mirko Orlić - Lectures
Lecturers: Maja Bubalo - Exercises
Take exam: Studomat

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 30
Exercises 15
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
Subject of the course and methodology. Measurement of salinity, temperature and pressure, determination of density, analysis of water masses. Measurement of currents (indirect methods, direct methods-according to Lagrange and to Euler), of high-frequency (wave gauge) and of low-frequency (tide gauge) sea level variability. Equations of motion and continuity, equation of state and its approximations, equations of heat and salt exchange. Properties of the seas and oceans: salinity, temperature, pressure, density, water masses. Basic modeling of the spatial distribution of salinity and temperature and of the annual temperature cycle.
Exercises include analysis of vertical profiles of salinity and temperature and of horizontal distribution of these properties using subjective and objective methods. Vertical distribution of the pressure is considered as well, utilizing measured profiles of salinity and temperature.

Students will be able to
1. analyze salinity and temperature data,
2. describe properties of the world seas and oceans,
3. identify factors controlling spatial distribution and temporal variability of the properties,
4. solve equations of the conservation of salt and heat that capture properties of the sea.
  1. Knauss J. A.: Introduction to Physical Oceanography, Second Edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1996.
  2. Open University Course Team: Seawater - Its composition, Properties and Behaviour, Second Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford 1995.
  3. Open University Course Team: Ocean Circulation, Second Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 2001.
  4. Stewart R. H.: Introduction to Physical Oceanography, Department of Oceanography Texas A&M University, 2003. (
  5. Talley L. D., G. L. Pickard, W. J. Emery and J. H. Swift: Descriptive Physical Oceanography - An Introduction, Sixth Edition, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2011.
Prerequisit for:
Enrollment :
Passed : Computing Laboratory

Examination :
Passed : General Physics 4
5. semester
Mandatory course - Mandatory studij - Bachelor of Geophysics
Consultations schedule: