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Code: 41028
ECTS: 5.0
Lecturers in charge: izv. prof. dr. sc. Snježana Markušić - Lectures
Lecturers: Tomislav Fiket, dipl. ing. - Practicum
Take exam: Studomat
English level:


All teaching activities will be held in Croatian. However, foreign students in mixed groups will have the opportunity to attend additional office hours with the lecturer and teaching assistants in English to help master the course materials. Additionally, the lecturer will refer foreign students to the corresponding literature in English, as well as give them the possibility of taking the associated exams in English.

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 30
Practicum 15
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
Introduction to the Earth (shape and size, mass and density, the Moon, the Earth's axis, the Earth's orbit, temperatures on Earth, atmosphere, origin of Earth, origin of water on Earth, Earth's interior - formerly and today). Coordinates on the Earth's surface (sphere coordinates, axis and major circle, latitude and longitude, Earth as spheroid, geoid and geoid undulations, altitude and depths). Gravity (Newton's law of gravitation and force of gravity, centripetal and centrifugal forces, gravitation, Clairaut's theorem, measurements of gravity accelerations, reduction of measured values of gravity accelerations - correction for altitude, Bouguer's correction, topographical correction, normal values of gravity accelerations, gravity field of the Earth, anomalies of gravity field, tides). Isostasy (concept of isostasy, Pratt's and Airy's theory of isostasy). Seismicity and the sources of earthquakes (concept of seismicity, spatial distribution and statistics of earthquakes, causes of earthquakes, sources and types of earthquakes, earthquake mechanism and Reid's elastic rebound theory, macroseismic method of earthquake investigation - earthquake intensity, macroseismic scales, isoseismal maps, microseismic method of earthquake investigation - earthquake magnitude, microseisms, tsunami). Seismic waves and Earth's internal structure (constants of elasticity, oscillation and waves, wave equation, reflection, refraction, concept of seismograph, earthquake waves - body and surface, hodochrones and microseismical method of epicenter determination, earthquake magnitude, investigations of Earth's interior, Moho discontinuity). Earth's magnetism (general terms, the Earth's magnetic field, geomagnetic elements, magnetosphere and main field, magnetic poles, polar light). Earth's internal heat (heat as energy transfer, heat flow, heat conduction, heat convection - adiabatic temperature gradient, measurement of the Earth's surface heat flow).

Learning outcomes:

Basic knowledge and understanding of fundamentals of Geophysics underlying the study of Geology.
Knowledge and understanding of the complex nature of interactions within Physics of the Earth's interior and Geology .
Ability to undertake literature searches and other sources of information.
Basic knowledge of the application of geophysical methods to geological science.
Ability to work effectively as an individual and as a member of a team.
  1. Bullen, K.E. and B.A. Bolt, 1985. Introduction to the theory of geophysics,, Cambridge
  2. Kasumović M., 1971. Opća i primijenjena geofizika s osnovama sferne astronomije (I dio ? Opća geofizika), Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Zagreb
  3. Lay, T. and T.C. Wallace, 1995. Modern global seismology, Academic Press, Toronto
3. semester
Mandatory course - Mandatory studij - Geology
Consultations schedule: