Knowledge and scientific research. Information. Motives. Creativity and freedom.
Scientific publications. Organization of a scientific paper. Primary and other publications. Bibliographic reference. How to find scientific information.
The character of the observation. Recording observations. Role of experience and school. The necessity of being informed of the most recent publications. Critical reading.
Why publish? Producing a manuscript for a scientific paper. Review process. Revision. Oral presentation. Poster presentation.
Induction and deduction. Problem, hypothesis, theory. Paradigm and normal science. Falsification. Anarchistic theory. Historical, social and personal factors.
Specific aspects of scientific approach in geosciences.
Conditions for scientific work. Evaluation in science. Competence, elite, democracy. Industry and science. Ph. D. Thesis. Scientific project. Scientific policy.
Achievement of specific knowledge on the subject and competences which are necessary for: 1) participation in scientific research, 2) writing research project proposals, formulating a hypothesis, 3) gathering and evaluating literature data, usage of data bases, 4) writing reports and research papers, editing, 5) presentation of research results at meetings, 6) successful evaluation of research data, 7) learning hierarchy in science, and understanding of science policies.
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- Snider R. & Lamer K. (2009): The Art of Being a Scientist. A Guide for Graduate Students and their Mentors. Cambridge Univ. Press., 1-286.
- Zanders E. & Macleod L. (2010): Presentation Skills for Scientists. Cambridge Univ. Press. 1-68.