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General mineralogy

Code: 36199
ECTS: 7.0
Lecturers in charge: prof. dr. sc. Nenad Tomašić
Lecturers: Ena Topalović , mag. geol. - Practicum
Take exam: Studomat
English level:


All teaching activities will be held in Croatian. However, foreign students in mixed groups will have the opportunity to attend additional office hours with the lecturer and teaching assistants in English to help master the course materials. Additionally, the lecturer will refer foreign students to the corresponding literature in English, as well as give them the possibility of taking the associated exams in English.

1. komponenta

Lecture typeTotal
Lectures 45
Practicum 45
* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
Mineral definition, three-dimensional periodicity, crystal lattice, unit cell, crystal systems. Morphology, symmetry elements without translation, crystal form, habit, zone. Law of constancy of interfacial angles, spherical projection, stereographic projection, Wulff net. Theory of rational indices for crystal faces, notations for planes and lines, point groups (Herman-Mauguin symbols, names), general form. Cubic crystals forms. Forms in other systems, tetragonal and hexagonal system. Holohedral classes of orthorhombic, monoclinic and triclinic systems, problems with symmetry determinations. Crystal structure definition, atomic coordinates, symmetry elements with translation. Bravais lattices, space groups. Chemical bonds-crystal structure dependence, coordination number, coordination polyhedron, isomorphism, polymorphism. Solid solutions, exsolution, crystal defects. Appearance of minerals (crystals, aggregates), density, cleavage, parting, fracture, hardness, colour, streak, luster. X-ray diffraction, Bragg law, Laue equations, principles of unit cell dimensions determination. Division of minerals on optical properties (optically isotropic and anisotropic materials), birefringence, optical indicatrix. Division of optically anisotropic materials (uniaxial - biaxial, optically positive and negative), relief, colour, interference colours, extinction, observations in convergent light.
Learning outcomes:
Knowledge and understanding of basic concepts on three-dimensional framework of crystallized matter and symmetry principles.
Knowledge on mineralogical nomenclature and symbols.
Capability for determination of crystal symmetry. Capability for drawing of stereographical projection.
Knowledge on basic phyical properties of minerals, and capability for their determination and description.
Knowledge and understanding of optical properties of minerals and principles of their determination by polarizing microscope.
  1. Slovenec, D. (2014): Opća mineralogija, RGNF, 350 str.
  2. Klein, C. (2002): Mineral Science. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 641 str. - mogu i ranija izdanja
  3. Nesse, W. D. (2000): Introduction to Mineralogy. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 442 str.
  4. Hibbard, M. J. (2002): Mineralogy, a geologist's point of view. McGraw-Hill, New York, 562 str.
  5. Wenk, H.-R. & Bulakh, A. (2004): Minerals, their constitution and origin. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 656 str.
1. semester
Mandatory course - Regular study - Geology
Consultations schedule: