COURSE GOALS: Introduce students to the basic theoretical background of the phenomenon semiconductivity, describe the type of semiconductors, transport, electrical, magnetic and optical properties of semiconductors, related experimental techniques and the role of defects in semiconductors. Introduce students to the industrial application of semiconductor compounds.
LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE LEVEL OF THE PROGRAMME:
Upon completing the degree, students will be able to:
1. KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
1.1 formulate, discuss and explain the basic laws of physics including mechanics, electromagnetism and thermodynamics
1.2 demonstrate a thorough knowledge of advanced methods of theoretical physics including classical mechanics, classical electrodynamics, statistical physics and quantum physics
2. APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
2.1 identify the essentials of a process/situation and set up a working model of the same or recognize and use the existing models
2.2 evaluate clearly the orders of magnitude in situations which are physically different, but show analogies, thus allowing the use of known solutions in new problems;
4. COMMUNICATION SKILLS
4.3 develop the written and oral English language communication skills that are essential for pursuing a career in physics
5. LEARNING SKILLS
5.1 search for and use physical and other technical literature, as well as any other sources of information relevant to research work and technical project development (good knowledge of technical English is required)
5.2 remain informed of new developments and methods and provide professional advice on their possible range and applications
5.3 carry out research by undertaking a PhD
LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFIC FOR THE COURSE:
After successful completion of the course Physics of Semiconductors, the student will be able to:
* explain the theories behind the phenomenon semiconductivity
* describe the role and ways of introducing defects in semiconductors
* specify and describe the transport, electricity, magnetic and optical properties of semiconductors and related experimental techniques
* specify and describe the type of semiconductors
* Describe the industrial applications of semiconductor compounds
1. Definition of semiconductors, important early works and chemical approach semiconductivity.
2. Theory of semiconductors, Energy bands.
3. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors.
4. Origin and classification of defects. Controlled introduction of defects.
5. The concentration of charge carriers in thermal equilibrium.
6. Type of semiconductors, n-type and p-type semiconductors.
7. Scattering of charge carriers and transport properties of semiconductors.
8. Electrical conductivity, thermoelectric power and Hall effect. Recombination of charge carriers.
9. The optical properties of semiconductors. The absorption of radiation and photoconductivity.
10. Experimental determination of basic parameters of semiconductors. Electrical and optical methods.
11. Semiconductor compounds. Crystalline, amorphous and glassy semiconductors. Superlattices.
REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDENTS:
Students are required to regularly attend and actively participate in solving problems during exercises. As part of the course the student is required to visit the research semiconductor group, create a seminar related to the current research and present it.
GRADING AND ASSESSING THE WORK OF STUDENTS:
The final exam consists of written and oral exams. Written exam can be replaced by successful solving of two colloquiums.
- B. Sapoval and C. Hermann, Physics of Semiconductors, Springer Verlag, New York, 1995.
- R.A. Smith, Semiconductors, 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, London, 1978.