By performing laboratory exercises during this course, students will learn the basics of modern experimental physics and will gather experience in experimental work which is an inevitable part of the research in physics. The students will expand their knowledge acquired in the courses of Atomic and molecular physics, Condensed matter physics, Nuclear physics and Elementary particle physics, through experimental work on specific problems from the respective fields. In addition, they will be trained to use advanced instrumentation and to build experimental set-ups. By creating exercise reports students will develop their scientific writing skills, as well as the ability to critically assess the results.
LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE LEVEL OF THE PROGRAMME
1 KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
1.1 Demonstrate a thorough knowledge of the most important physics theories (logical and mathematical structure, experimental support, described physical phenomena)
1.2 Describe the state of the art in - at least- one of the presently active physics specialties
2 APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
2.1 Identify the essentials of a process/situation and set up a working model of the same or recognize and use the existing models
2.2 Perform experiments independently using standard techniques, as well as to describe, analyze and critically evaluate experimental data;
3 MAKING JUDGEMENTS
3.1 Work with a high degree of autonomy, even accepting responsibilities in project planning and in the managing of structures
4 COMMUNICATION SKILLS
4.1 Present one's own research or literature search results to professional as well as to lay audiences
5 LEARNING SKILLS
5.1 Search for and use physical and other technical literature, as well as any other sources of information relevant to research work and technical project development (good knowledge of technical English is required)
5.2 Carry out research by undertaking a PhD
LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFIC FOR THE COURSE
By completing the course Modern physics laboratory, students will be able to:
- use modern instrumentation and methods according to given instructions
- associate theoretical knowledge from various fields of physics with assignments and understand the basic principles of operation of the corresponding measurement set-ups
- autonomously analyse the measured data, using modern analysis software
- autonomously make critical assessments of the results and compare them with the expectations from theory
- autonomously search data-bases and study expert literature
- present the results in the form of a complete report
During one semester, students will perform the following laboratory exercises:
1. Detection of alpha, beta and gamma radiation;
2. Detection and decay of cosmic muons;
3. Gamma ray spectroscopy;
4. Measurement of the Hall effect;
5. Measurement of the temperature dependence of semiconductor thermometer;
6. Measurement of magnetoresistance;
7. Michelson interferometer - measurement of laser wavelength;
8. USB spectrometer - measurement of atomic spectra;
REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDENTS
Students should prepare before carrying out the exercises in order to understand the physical background of the studied phenomena and principle of operation of the experimental set-ups. In the laboratory, they first have to demonstrate their readiness and then assemble the apparatus and perform measurements according to given instructions. After completing the measurements, the students should write a report containing the results with the necessary statistical analysis and graphs. The report has to be submitted in due time, as given by the instructor.
GRADING AND ASSESSING THE WORK OF STUDENTS
Students are graded for each exercise in the following manner:
-50% of the grade is formed from the understanding of the physical background of the assignment and the experimental set-up, along with the autonomy shown during the assignment.
-50% of the grade is formed from the quality of the reports, which must contain a short theoretical introduction, description of the measurement set-up and methods, results, a conclusion and bibliography.
The final grade will be based on the average grade of all exercises.