* Load is given in academic hour (1 academic hour = 45 minutes)
- acquire knowledge and understanding of the theory and phenomenology of particle physics
- acquire the methods to calculate the measurable quantities
- acquire an insight in modern experiments at colliders, in astrophysics and in cosmology
LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE LEVEL OF THE PROGRAMME:
1. KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
1.1 formulate and interpret the basic laws of physics including mechanics, electromagnetism and thermodynamics
1.2 demonstrate profound knowledge of advanced methods of theoretical physics which include classical mechanics, classical electrodynamics, statistical physics and quantum physics
2. APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
2.1 develop a way of thinking that allows the student to set the model or to recognize and use the existing models in the search for solutions to specific physical and analog problems
2.2 recognize analogies in the situations that are physically different, as well as in the situations analogous to the physical ones, as well as applying known solutions when solving new problems
4. COMMUNICATION SKILLS
4.3 use English as the language of communication in the profession, the use of literature, and writing scientific papers and articles
5. LEARNING SKILLS
5.1 consult professional literature independently as well as other relevant sources of information, which implies a good knowledge of English as a language of professional communication
5.2 follow the development of new knowledge in the field of physics independently and give his/her own professional opinion on its scope and possible applications
5.3 engage in scientific work and research within the framework of postgraduate doctoral studies
LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFIC FOR THE COURSE:
Upon passing the course on Elementary Particle Physics II, the student will be able to:
* demonstrate the elastic and inelastic electron-proton scattering;
* demonstrate the deep-inelastic parton distribution functions;
* demonstrate cross sections, luminosities and events at hadron colliders;
* demonstrate the knowledge of basic principles of quantum chromodynamics and their asymptotically free and confinement regimes;
* colour factors and attractive inter-quark force channels; amplitudes related by the isospin symmetry;
* basic features of the weak force (Fermi and V-A theory); determination of G_F from the charged muon decay;
* charged pion and kaon decays (helicity and strangeness suppression);
* neutral kaon decay and GIM suppression;
* flavour physics basics (CKM and PMNS mixing); neutrino scattering and neutral weak currents;
* electroweak mixing (weak isospin and hypercharge) and electroweak unification;
* U(1) Higgs mechanism and its extension to the electro-weak model;
* Standard Model masses (W, Z and fermions);
* neutrino masses and oscillations;
* the higgs discovery and its repercussions.
Lectures per weeks (15 weeks in total):
The Summer semester
1.-3. week - From elastic to deep inelastic electron proton scattering: Electron scattering u laboratory frame - Mott scattering; Proton size measurement; Parton distribution functions.
4.-5. week Collider physics: Hadron physics; Accelerators and detectors; Evidence for the colour as a global/local charge.
6.-7. week - Quantum chromodynamics - QCD: Two extreme regimes (confinement and asymptotic freedom); Colour factorsi.
8.-10. week - Weak interactions: Fermi and V-A theory; Muon decay; Charged pion and kaon decays; Heavy quark decays.
11. week - Flavour physics: Charged currents and CKM mixing; Neutrino scattering; Neutral weak currents.
12. week - Electroweak unification: Electroweak mixing; Weak isospin and hypercharge.
13. week - Neutrino physics: Neutrino oscillations; Neutrino masses and mixing in leptonic sector.
14. week - Mass origin in the Standard Model: Higgs mechanism; Gauge boson masses; the higgs mass.
15. week - New Standard Model: massive neutrinos and hihhs discovery; The higgs miracle and the Higgs sector enigma.
Exercises are indicated in the COURSE DESCRIPTION after the lectures content given in bold letters.
REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDENTS:
Students must deliver 50% of the written home exams during the semester.
GRADING AND ASSESSING THE WORK OF STUDENTS:
Grading and assessing the work of students during the semester:
- There are at least four written home exams
- There is a written "quiz" as an entrance to a final exam
Grading after the second semester:
- final written and oral exam
Contributions to the final grade:
- one third of the grade are carried by the written home exams (2 ECTS points)
- one third of the grade are carried by the results of the final written exam (3 ECTS points)
- the oral exam carries one third of the grade (2 ECTS points).
- I. Picek, Fizika elementarnih čestica, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, HINUS, Zagreb, 1997.
- M. Thomson, Modern particle physics, Cambridge University Press, 2013.
- D. Griffiths, Introduction to Elementary Particles, Harper&Row, 1987.
- F. Halzen, A.D. Martin, Quarks & Leptons, J. Wiley&Sons, 1984.
Elementary Particle Physics 1