COURSE GOALS: Introduction to analytical instruments; building blocks for optical and other instruments; basic knowledge of sample handling; choice of instruments for analytical problems.
LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE LEVEL OF THE PROGRAMME:
1. KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
1.2. demonstrate a thorough knowledge and understanding of the fundamental concepts in chemistry laws and theories
1.5. demonstrate knowledge and understanding of basic experimental methods, instruments and methods of experimental data processing in physics and chemistry
2. APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
2.1. identify and describe important aspects of physical problems
2.2. describe important aspects of chemical change
2.4. recognize and follow the logic of arguments, evaluate the adequacy of arguments and construct well supported arguments
3. MAKING JUDGMENTS
3.1. develop a critical scientific attitude towards research in general, and in particular by learning to critically evaluate arguments, assumptions, abstract concepts and data
5. LEARNING SKILLS
5.1. search for and use professional literature as well as any other sources of relevant information
LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFIC FOR THE COURSE:
1. To describe basic components of optical spectrometers,
2. To explain principal characteristics of radiation source in optical instruments,
3. To compatre properties and functions of photon and thermic detectors,
4. To classify instrumental methods according to interaction of radiation and matter,
5. To describe analytical characteristics of emission methods (flame photometry, plasma spectrometry, glow discharge),
6. To describe analytical characteristics of atomic absorption spectrometry (flame, electrothermic),
7. To explain principal characteristics of instruments in quantitative molecular spectrometry (UV/VIS spectrophotometer, fluorimeter),
8. To explain fundamental properties of dispersive and non-dispersive instruments in vibration spectroscopy (IR, Raman),
9. To compare advantages and disadvantages of particular analytical instruments in sample characterization,
10. To predict the selection of instrumental method in special analytical claims (analysis of content, reactivity and structure).
Spectrometric methods of analysis, optical spectrometer construction, interferometers, excitation sources, detectors; Basic features of atomic spectrometry instruments, flame and electrothermic atomic absorption, flame photometry, plasma optical and mass spectrometry, electric arc and spark, glow discharge spectrometry, atomic and X-ray fluorescence; Basic features of molecular spectrometry instruments, UV/VIS spectrophotometry, vibration spectroscopy in infrared, Raman spectroscopy, luminescence techniques. Instrument performances for specific analytical claims; Development and applications of specialized instrumental techniques (laser ablation, hydride generation, flow injection analysis, cold vapour techniques, automatization).
REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDENTS:
Attending lectures and seminars; writing seminars.
GRADING AND ASSESSING THE WORK OF STUDENTS:
Tests, oral exams.
- 1. D. A. Skoog, F. J. Holler, S. R. Crouch, Principles of Instrumental Analysis, 6th Ed., Thomson Brooks/Cole, Belmont, USA, 2007.
- S. J. Hill, Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry and its Applications, Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Oxford, 2007.
2. A. Sanz-Medel, R. Pereiro, Atomic Absorption spectrometry: An Introduction, 2nd Ed., Momentum Press, 2014.
3. J. D. Ingle, S.R. Crouch, Spectrochemical Analys, Prentice-Hall International Inc, Englewood Cliffs, 1988.
4. R. Kellner et al., Analytical Chemistr, Wiley-VCH, Wienheim, 1998.