COURSE GOALS: Understanding symmetry operations and general principles of crystal and molecular structures. This knowledge is useful for understanding other courses such as Structure determination by diffraction methods, Solid state chemistry, Chemistry of materials. Students are encouraged to choose a topic for their seminar work. They acquire skills for independent research and presentation.
LEARNING OUTCOMES AT THE LEVEL OF THE PROGRAMME:
1. KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
1.2. demonstrate a thorough knowledge and understanding of the fundamental concepts in chemistry
1.4. demonstrate a thorough knowledge and understanding of the most important chemistry laws and theories
2. APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
2.2. describe important aspects of chemical change
2.3. apply stoichiometry
2.4. recognize and follow the logic of arguments, evaluate the adequacy of arguments and construct well supported arguments
4. COMMUNICATION SKILLS
4.4. use the written and oral English language communication skills that are essential for pursuing a career in physics, chemistry and education
5. LEARNING SKILLS
5.1. search for and use professional literature as well as any other sources of relevant information
LEARNING OUTCOMES SPECIFIC FOR THE COURSE:
1. To define symmetry operations, Bravais lattices, crystal systems, point and space groups.
2. To list the main types of crystal structures of metals and alloys.
3. To describe phase diagrams. To calculate the fraction and composition of components from a binary phase diagram.
4. To name the characteristics of ionic bond and describe the main types of ionic compounds.
5. To explain the intermolecular interactions in covalent structures.
6. To describe the general methods of crystal structure determination.
7. To explain structure-property relationship.
1. General principles of crystal and molecular structures.
2. Macroscopic properties of crystals. Crystal symmetry (symmetry elements,
3. Bravais lattice, crystal systems, point and space groups).
4. Crystal structure of alloys, solid solutions, intermetallic compounds. Ionic bond (ionic radius, bond energy, lattice energy, Pauling's rules).
5. Types of ionic structures. Molecular crystals (bond types, lattice energy).
6. Experimental methods for structure determination.
7. Structure-property relationship.
REQUIREMENTS FOR STUDENTS:
Attendance to the lectures and seminar work.
GRADING AND ASSESSING THE WORK OF STUDENTS:
Two colloquia or a written exam and a seminar.
- 1. A. R. West: Solid State Chemistry and its Applications, Wiley, New York, 1998.
2. D. Grdenić, Molekule i kristali, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 2005.
- C. Giacovazzo, H.L. Monaco, D. Viterbo et al.: Fundamentals of Crystallography, 2. izd., IUCr, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford 2002.