Definition of hydrology and its connection with other sciences. Hydrological cycle. History, development, tasks and applicatin of hydrology. Estimated amounts of water on the Earth. Mean annual precipitation on a basin. PDF and IDF curves and their application in hydrology. Evaporation from water surface and evapotranspiration. Infiltration and humidity in the ground.
Hydraulics of open channels: application of Bernouly equation for ideal and real liquid, uniform flow, Chezy formula, Manning-Strickler formula, measuring equipment, spillways, ununiform flow. Filtration: Darcy's law, Dupuit's theory.
It is expected that after completion of the course students should know:
explain the historical development, application and significance of hydrology and its links with geophysics,
make a subjective and an objective analysis of the amount of water on Earth,
explain the terms evapotranspiration and infiltration,
know the basics of hydraulics of open streams, Darcy's law and Dupuit's assumption.