Atmosphere-ocean system: Solar radiation. Temperature distribution. Greenhouse effect. Convection. Variability of radiative forcing and consequent horizontal gradients. Atmosphere-sea interaction. Characteristics of fluid in rest-Equation of state. Thermodynamic variables. Water vapour in atmosphere. Phase transitions. Fluid parcels in equilibrium (pressure gradient force, gravity), hydrostatic equation. Vertical structure of atmosphere and sea. Static stability, Brunt-Väisälä.frequency, potential temperature, potential density. Vertical profiles and their graphical presentation. Fluid in motion-Fluid parcel. Continuity equation. Equation of conservation of scalar quantity (humidity, salinity). Heat equation. Equation of motion, Coriolis force, viscosity effects (molecular, turbulent). Scales of motion. Boundary conditions (solid boundary, material boundary, internal boundary).
Students will have the knowledge and skills to describe and analyze the characteristics and structure of the atmosphere and ocean, understand and explain the basic properties of the dry and moist air and interpret associated processes, interpret, calculate and analyze atmospheric static stability, understand basic principles of geophysical fluid dynamics, solve equations that govern a fluid and discuss their solutions, derive and explain the consequences of the Earth rotation.
- Gill, A., 1982: Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics. Academic Press, Orlando. 662 str.
- Cushman-Roisin, B., 1994: Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Prentice Hall, London, 320 str.
- Kundu, P. K., 1990: Fluid mechanics. Academic Press, San Diego, 638 str.