Learning the systematics of the transition metal elements of the Periodic System and their compounds with emphasis in understanding of impact of the nature of chemical bond and structure on physical properties, reactivity and function. The impact on everyday's life and application.
Learning outcomes at the level of the study programme to which the course contributes:
On the basis of an achieved knowledge students will be able to name and describe the physical and chemical properties of various kind of matter/materials and explain the connection between the nature of chemical bond and given properties.
Students will be able to apply and combine achieved knowledge in modelling/designing the new compounds/materials of desired physical (electrical, magnetical, mechanical or optical) and chemical properties (through the understanding the catalytical activity of transition metals and their compounds in biological systems, such as metaloenzymes, or their importance as activators and catalysts of processes in industrial rates predominantly environmental friendly).
Introduction into coordination compounds chemistry. Coordination compounds from Werner until now, nomenclature, structure. Ligands, coordination numbers and polyhedra. Isomerism. Crystal field theory. Molecular orbital theory. Ligand field theory. Deformation of the octahedral and tetrahedral geometry.
Electronic spectra of the coordination compounds. Spectrochemical series of ligands. Magnetic properties of the transition metasl and their complexes.
An overview of basic properties of the elements of the first, second and third row of the transition metals.
The first row transition metals (3d-block; from titanium to copper): chemistry of the lower and higher oxidation states, binary compounds and coordination compounds.
The second and third row transition metals (d-block metals: the haevier metals) - Zr and Hf; Nb and Ta; Mo and W; Tc and Re platinum group metals: Ru, Os, Rh, Ir, Pd, Pt. Occurence, extraction, uses. Binary compounds (oxides, halides), coordination compounds.
Organometallic compounds (s-, p- and d-block elements): chemical bonding, synthesis, properties and application.
Semiconductors, intercalation, superconductors. Inorganic materials.
Within the seminars students practice solving of the problem exercises proving the level of accepted concepts of the theory-
Regular class attendance, two partial written tests
Grading and evaluation of student work over the course of instruction and at a final exam:
Two partial written tests, active participation during teaching lessons, final exam.
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- D. Grdenić: Molekule i kristali, 4. izd.
- F. Shriver, P. W. Atkins, C. H. Langford,: Inorganic Chemistry, 2. izd.
- F. Albert Cotton, G. Wilkison, C. A. Murillo, M. Bochmann: Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 6. izd.
- C. E. Housecroft, A. G. Sharpe: Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd Ed.