Introduction to inorganic chemistry. Quantum-mechanical basis of Periodic system of elements. Atomic orbitals. Structure of the many-electron atoms. Ionization energies. Electron affinities. Hydrogen chemistry, synthesis and physical properties, reactivity. Hydrogen bonding, chlatrates. Binary hydrides, electron defficient hydrides (diborane, tetrahydroborate aninon). Inert gases, properties, uses. Xenon fluorides, synthesis and structure (VSEPR method). Other compounds of xenon. The group 17 elements (occurence, extraction, uses). Halides, interhalogen compounds, polyhalides, pseudohalides, structures of interhalogen compounds. Oxoacids and their salts. The group 16 elemennts (occurence, extraction, uses). Oxygen, properties and synthesis, allotrophes, structure of dioxygen. Sulphur, allotrophs, polymorphism, catenation. Oxides and oxoacids, halides. Selected examples of selenium and tellurium compounds. The group 15 elements (occurence, extraction, uses). Nitrogem, phosphorus, Arsen - bonding consideration. Nitrides. Oxoacids. Phosphides. Phosphates, properties, structures, halides.
The group 14 elements (occurence, extraction, uses). Allotrophs of carbon (graphite, diamond, fullerenes, nanotubes). Catenation of carbon, multiple bonds. Oxides. Comparison of carbon and silicon chemistry. Silica, silicates, aluminosilicates. Halides and complex halides. The group 13 elements (occurence, extraction, uses). Boron. Halides, boranes, borides. Aluminium. Halides, complex hydrides. Ionic compounds properties, lattice energy, ionic radii, close packing. The group 1 (the alkali metals) and the group 2 (the alkaline earth metals). Occurence, extraction, uses. Stability of hydrides, oxides, halides and salts of the oxoacids. Aqueous and non-aqueous solution chemistry of alkaline and alkaline earth metals.
By the end of this course students will be able to:
explain the basic concepts in chemistry
- express the most important chemical laws and theories
- demonstrate competence and understanding of the structure of natural sciences knowledge
- describe and explain extraction methods of s- and p-block elements and synthesis of their compounds
- create motivated environment for active learning in order to enhance development of the pupils/students skills
- critical scale the arguments, presumptions, concepts, data and results of the scientific investigations
- use the professional literature and other relevant sources of information
- G. L. Miessler, P. J. Fischer, D. A. Tarr, Inorganic Chemistry, Pearson, New York, 2014.
- C. E. Housecroft and A. G. Sharpe, Inorganic Chemistry, Pearson Prentice Hall, Harlow, 2012.
- I. Filipović, S. Lipanović, Opća i anorganska kemije, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 1995.
- D. Grdenić, Molekule i kristali, Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 2005.