The main objective of the course is to introduce to students the main topics of the cellular, organismic, ecological, and evolutionary biology.
1. Introduction lecture - Exploring the biological systems (organization, information, energy and matter, interactions, evolution)
2. Chemistry of life - the chemical context, water, carbon, molecular diversity, structure and function of macromolecules
3. The Cell - A tour of the cell, membranes structure and function, introduction to metabolism, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, cellular communication and cell cycle,
4. Genetics - meiosis and sexual life cycle, Mendel and gene idea, the chromosomal basis of inheritance, the molecular basis of inheritance, from gene to protein, regulation of gene expression, viruses, molecular biotechnology, genomes and their evolution,
5. Evolution and biodiversity - descent with modifications, the evolution of populations, variability, drift, selection, speciation, the short history of biological diversity, phylogeny and the tree of life, bacteria and archea, unicellular eukaryotes, plants, fungi and animals,
6. Plant and animal physiology - introduction to basic physiological processes in plants and animals,
7. Ecology - An introduction to ecology, biosphere, population ecology, community ecology, ecosystems, conservation biology.