COURSE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The course aims to introduce students - prospective mathematics teachers to the basic concepts of mathematics teaching and learning (that is, to the mathematical didactics) at primary and secondary school level. Particular attention will be paid to various forms and methods of mathematical thinking and reasoning and to formulation, proving and implementation theorems, as prerequisites for understanding processes of teaching and learning mathematics.
COURSE DESCRIPTION AND SYLLABUS: The course contains lectures, tutorials and seminars. Lectures provide theoretical foundation of teaching and learning mathematics. In tutorials, acquired theoretical knowledge will be applied to selected examples - concrete topics from the school mathematics, through various forms of instruction and working methods (individual study, hands - on activities, pair work, group work, team - collaborative work, project work). Seminars consist of students' group or individual oral presentations of assigned topics from school mathematics, followed up by group discussions.
The headlines of the course are:
1. Introduction. Mathematics as a science and a subject taught in primary and secondary education - their definitions and relations. Position of mathematics in the Croatian national curriculum and a comparison to selected European countries.
2. Aims and learning objectives of mathematics education. General and specific aims. Three crucial components of mathematics education: mathematical concepts, strategies (problem solving, theorem proving, model building etc.) and algorithms. Learning objectives snd strands (contents) for each education level (according to ISCED 1997). Educational standards (in Croatia and elsewhere).
3. Didactics of mathematics. The notion of the field (mathematical) didactics - interdisciplinary scientific discipline and a theoretical and practical guidance (the know-how) for successfull mathematics teaching and learning.
4. Forms of mathematical thinking and reasoning. The language of mathematics (development, use, symbols). Basics of logic (mathematical ideas, assumptions and concept development). Mathematical notions. Example and counterexample construction. Interpretation and implementation of the definitions of mathematical concepts. Formulation, proving and implementation of theorems in mathematics education. Inductive reasoning - complete and incomplete induction. Deductive reasoning.
5. Methods of mathematical reasoning. Analysis and synthesis. Variation. Analogy. Generalization and specialization. Abstraction and concretization. Distinguishing cases. Superposition of particular cases. Descartes' method. Experiment. The method of undetermined coefficients. Substitution. The method of recurrence relations.
- M. Pavleković: Metodika nastave matematike s informatikom 1
- M. Pavleković: Metodika nastave matematike s informatikom 2
- A. Watkins, R. L. Scheaffer, G. W. Cobb: Statistics in Action: Understanding the World of Data
- B. Pavković, D. Veljan: Elementarna matematika 1
- B. Pavković, D. Veljan: Elementarna matematika 2
- D. Palman: Planimetrija
- D. Palman: Stereometrija
- A. S. Posamentier, J. Stepelman: Teaching Secondary School Mathematics: Techniques and Enrichment Units
- B. Dougherty (Ed.): Research in Mathematics Education
- M. A. Sobel, E. M. Maletsky: Teaching Mathematics: A Sourcebook of Aids, Activities, and Strategies
- J. A. Van De Walle: Elementary and Middle School Mathematics: Teaching Developmentally,5th edition
- C. J. Brahier: Teaching Secondary and Middle School Mathematics
- J. Murdock, Ellen Kamischke, Eric Kamischke: Discovering Advanced Algebra: An Investigative Approach
- K. Johnson, T. Herr: Problem Sopving Strategies - Crossing the River with Dogs and Other Mathematical Adventures
- R. L. Scheaffer, M. Gnanadesikan, A. Watkins, J. A. Witmer: Activity - Based Statistics