Atomic spectrometry methods in analysis of elements, historical development, present state, application to individual elements. Preparation of samples: sampling, storage, mineralization, extraction and concentration of elements before analysis. Sources of contamination. Theory of atomic spectrometry: absorption, emission and fluorescence.
Atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS): basic principle (instrumentation, techniques, automation, sources of energy), calibration, atomization in flame, electrothermal atomization, interference effects, background correction, special techniques (cold vapor, hydride generation).
Atomic emission spectrometry (AES): flame, plasma, glow discharge as excitation sources; spectrometer constructions; detection of emission signal. Advanced instrumental techniques based on hyphenated systems: gas and liquid chromatography, capillary electrophoresis, glow discharges coupled with plasma and/or mass spectrometer. Comparison of methods: detection limits, concentration range, efficiency in analytical demands.
Environmental risk assessment (chemical species and adaptation, estimation of bioavailability, variations, representative species and deficiency, extrapolation laboratory-enviro152859nment); analytical monitoring of environmental impacts; modern instrumental methods in quality control; essential and toxic materials, additives; present scope and challenges in forming of new regulative procedures
description of instruction methods Lectures, seminars, laboratory demonstrations, consultations
description of course/module requirements Written and/or oral exam
- OBVEZNA LITERATURA:
S. J. Hill, Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry and its Applications, Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Oxford, 2007.
A. Sanz-Medel, R. Pereiro, Atomic Absorption spectrometry: An Introduction, 2nd Ed., Momentum Press, 2014.
J.A.C. Broekaert, Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas, Wiley-VCH, Wieinheim, 2001.
D. A. Skoog, F. J. Holler, S. R. Crouch, Principles of Instrumental Analysis, 6th Ed., Thomson Brooks/Cole, Belmont, USA, 2007.
J. Noelte, ICP Emission Spectrometry - A Practical Guide, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2003.
R. Cornelis, Handbook of Elemental Speciation - Techniques and Methodology, J. Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, England, 2003.
J. D. Ingle, S.R. Crouch, Spectrochemical Analys, Prentice-Hall International Inc, Englewood Cliffs, 1988.
- DOPUNSKA LITERATURA:
Suvremeni opsežniji revijski članci i znanstvene monografije