David Pascal Santos-Cottin
Université de Fribourg
Optical and magneto-optical study of the nodal line semimetal BaNiS2
Srijeda/Wednesday 29.6.2022. 11 h, F-201
Topological semimetals are a new class of materials that show relativistic-like energy dispersion in three dimensions, and in this way, may be regarded as threedimensional analogs of graphene [1, 2]. Their band structures present linear band dispersions in the three directions of momentum, and they cross each other at the Dirac or Weyl points [3, 4].
These topological semimetals exhibit huge carrier mobilities and low carrier densities. Moreover, they exhibit a complex and appealing optoelectrical response because their properties are tunable by the magnetic field, temperature, and carrier doping [5–7].
The most interesting physics in such linearly dispersing systems happens at the charge neutrality point, where the two cones merge into an hourglass shape. At this precise point, the carrier mobility spikes, while the carrier density plummets.
I will present you the case of a Dirac nodal-line semimetal, BaNiS2, studied through optical and magneto-optical spectroscopy combined with theoretical calculations. Our results provide direct proof of Dirac fermions' presence linked with characteristic optical and magneto-optical response of linear band dispersions. Often this response is hidden by other contributions – multi band character, intraband transitions, finite linear dispersion range, or band anisotropy. However, thanks to the band structure calculations, we were able to reverse-engineer the optical spectroscopy response to distinguish these different contributions.
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